W.e.f. 1st January, 2021, following two options are available to the Taxpayers who are under Quarterly Returns and Monthly Payment of Tax (QRMP) Scheme for tax payment for first 02 months of a quarter:
- Fixed Sum Method: Portal can generate a pre-filled challan in Form GST PMT-06 based on his past record.
- Self-Assessment Method: The Tax due is to be paid on actual supplies after deducting the Input Tax Credit available.
In fixed sum method, the 35% Challan can be generated by selecting the Reason For Challan>Monthly Payment for Quarterly Return> 35% Challan which is in turn calculated as per following situation:
- 35% of amount paid as tax from Electronic Cash Ledger in their preceding quarter GSTR 3B return, if it was furnished on quarterly basis; or
- 100% of the amount paid as tax from Electronic Cash Ledger in their GSTR-3B return for the last month of the immediately preceding quarter, if it was furnished on monthly basis.
It is to note that , for the months of Jan and Feb, 2021, in Q4 of 2020-21, the auto-populated challan generated under 35% Challan would contain 100% of the tax liability discharged from Electronic Cash Ledger for the month of December, 2020 (and not 35%). [Reason: Till December 2020, all taxpayers were filing GSTR-3B return on a monthly basis.]
From April, 2021 onwards, the pattern as suggested at Para 2 (a) and (b) would follow.
It is noteworthy, that the taxpayers are not required to deposit any amount for the first 02 months of a quarter, if:
- Balance in Electronic Cash Ledger / Electronic Credit Ledger is sufficient for tax due for the first/ second month of the quarter; or
- There is NIL tax liability.
Although under this system the taxpayer would not have to calculate any tax but many would not prefer this system as most business pay tax using ITC and hence those paying tax using ITC won’t use this atleast for this quarter as this would ask to pay 100% amount in cash.
Many people atleast for this quarter would use self assessment method and save tax to be paid in cash.